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亚博yabo手机登录_北京烤鸭为何来自南京?
发布人: 薇草食品 来源: 薇草食品公司 发布时间: 2021-09-19 03:08:01

亚博yabo手机登录_北京烤鸭为何来自南京?

Speaking of the most famous duck in China,

说到中国最著名的鸭子,

Beijingers’ love for ducks is unique to the entire north. After all, ducks are waterfowl. Compared to the small bridges and rivers in the south of the Yangtze River, northerners do not regard ducks as the main poultry.

北京人对鸭的热爱在整个北方都是独一无二的。毕竟,鸭子是水禽。与长江以南的小桥河相比,北方人并不认为鸭子是主要家禽。

Nanjing people have a long history of confidence in making ducks, and the story of Beijing roast duck,

南京人民对制作鸭蛋有悠久的历史,而北京烤鸭的故事,

Before being domesticated by humans, ducks were water birds with migratory habits. The relatively arid north was not their traditional habitat.

在被人类驯养之前,鸭子是具有迁徙习性的水禽。相对干旱的北部不是他们的传统栖息地。

Nanjing, the center of the Jianghuai region, is still the main area for eating ducks.

江淮地区的中心南京,仍然是主要的野鸭食区。

The so-called relying on mountains to eat mountains, relying on water to draft water.

所谓靠山吃山,靠水喝水。

If you look closely, you will find that the ducks used in Beijing roast duck and the ducks eaten by Nanjing people are significantly different in breed.

如果仔细观察,您会发现北京烤鸭所用的鸭子与南京人所吃的鸭子在品种上有很大不同。

An adult Peking duck can weigh more than 3kg, which is about 2-3 times the size of the Shaoxing duck, mallard duck, and Putian black duck commonly found in the south.

成年的北京烤鸭重量可能超过3公斤,约为南方常见的绍兴鸭,野鸭和Pu​​t田黑鸭的2-3倍。

For example, mallard ducks mainly inhabit lakes, rivers, ponds, swamps and other waters rich in aquatic plants. They are small in size and suitable for weaving through reeds.

例如,野鸭主要栖息在湖泊,河流,池塘,沼泽和其他富含水生植物的水域中。它们体积小,适合通过芦苇编织。

However, in the world of meat ducks, Peking ducks are not considered the heaviest. Adult Gaoyou ducks weigh more than Peking ducks.

但是,在肉鸭的世界中,北京鸭并不被认为是最重的。成年高邮鸭比北京鸭更重。

There are no ducks in the surrounding areas of Beijing. Peking ducks are artificially bred breeds. The breeding purpose is very strong.

北京周边地区没有鸭子。北京鸭是人工饲养的品种。繁殖目的很强。

The earliest appearance in China was the Song Dynasty, and Zhang Lei's poem "Double White Duck", born in Bozhou, Anhui, provides the most direct evidence for this conclusion. Considering the poet's own life trajectory and the failure of the Pian'an dynasty to rule the sixteen states of Yanyun during the Song Dynasty, the fact that Peking Duck came from the south is self-evident.

在中国最早出现的是宋朝,张磊的诗作《双白鸭》诞生于安徽Bo州,为这一结论提供了最直接的证据。考虑到诗人自己的生活轨迹和the安王朝在宋代统治燕云十六州的失败,北京鸭从南方来的事实是不言而喻的。

According to the record of breed history, the time when white feather ducks appeared in Beijing was about 500 years ago. Almost during this time period,

根据繁殖史记录,白羽鸭在北京出现的时间大约是500年前。差不多在这段时间里

(AD 1416), a very special year for Beijing.

(公元1416年),对于北京来说是非常特殊的一年。

The terrain of China is high in the north and low in the south, which is rare in the Ming Dynasty

中国的地势北高南低,在明代罕见

Nanjing,

Nanjing,

As part of Nanjing City was built by filling the lake,

南京市的一部分是通过填满湖泊来建造的,

After the Battle of Jingnan, the task of moving the capital was handed over to Zhu Di. Maybe it’s because I haven’t adapted to the life in the south for a long time in the settlement, maybe because there are too many old prince forces around Nanjing, or maybe it’s because the emperor should guard the country after the Northern Yuan Dynasty.

靖南战役后,迁都的任务交给了朱Di。也许是因为我在定居点已经很久没有适应南方的生活了,也许是因为南京周围有太多的太子军,或者是因为北元以后皇帝应该守护这个国家。

This plan has been gradually implemented since his first year as a throne. In the first year of Yongle,

自从他上任第一年以来,这项计划就已逐步实施。永乐元年

The economic level has reached unprecedented prosperity.

经济水平达到了前所未有的繁荣。

At that time, apart from the military households in Shandong and Hebei that enriched the capital, the population of Beijing was composed of officials and people from Nanjing. Although these people who speak Jianghuai Mandarin followed Yongle Emperor to the north,

当时,除了山东和河北的军人聚居丰富了首都外,北京的人口还包括南京的官员和人民。虽然这些讲江淮普通话的人跟随永乐皇帝到北方去,

It is said that one of the people who moved from Nanjing to Beijing at that time was a businessman surnamed Wang who opened the first roast duck workshop in Beijing near Nancheng Bingmasi, aiming at business opportunities. The shop was called "Jinling Sliced ​​Duck".

据说,当时从南京搬到北京的人中有一位姓王的商人,他在北京南城炳马寺附近开设了第一家烤鸭工场,旨在寻找商机。这家商店被称为``金陵鸭肉''。

The diners

食客

"Jinling" and "Nanlu" both confirmed the Nanjing blood of the Peking Duck ancestor. It can be seen that a vigorous capital relocation has a huge impact on the shaping of Beijing’s culture.

“金陵”和“南鹿”都证实了北京鸭祖先的南京血统。可以看出,大力的资本搬迁对北京的文化形成有着巨大的影响。

A lot of northern colors are also incorporated into the process of roast duck going north. For example, Nanya Beidu and Lu cuisine came into Beijing at the same time, and several generations of roast duck chefs in Beijing came from Rongcheng, Shandong. Therefore, the way of eating Beijing roast duck has many elements of Shandong cuisine.

烤鸭往北走的过程中也融入了许多北方色彩。例如,南亚北渡和鲁菜同时进入北京,北京的几代烤鸭厨师来自山东荣成。因此,吃北京烤鸭的方式有很多山东菜的成分。

It is more likely to learn from the cooking method of the whole sheep barbecue of the northern ethnic minorities. This roasting method is not suitable for most types of southern ducks, because water ducks have thin skin and low body fat, making it difficult to control the heat.

更有可能从北方少数民族的全羊烧烤的烹饪方法中学到东西。这种烧烤方法不适用于大多数类型的南方鸭,因为水鸭皮薄且体脂肪低,难以控制热量。

Today, foreigners must eat Peking Duck once when they come to Beijing. This seems to have become a customary rule.

今天,外国人来北京时必须吃一次北京烤鸭。这似乎已成为习惯规则。

There are three original methods of Beijing roast duck, namely the braising method, the hanging furnace method and the barbecued pork method.

北京烤鸭的原始方法有三种,分别是炖法,吊炉法和叉烧法。

Barbecued pork is the most traditional way,

烤猪肉是最传统的方式

However, the barbecued pork method is laborious and can not guarantee the taste, and eventually disappeared. Most of the roast duck on the table today is made of

但是,烤猪肉方法费力且不能保证味道,最终消失了。今天桌上的大多数烤鸭都是用

As the name suggests, the stew is to put the packed duck into the stove and close the door to stew.

顾名思义,炖菜是将装好的鸭子放入火炉中,然后关上门进行炖菜。

The hanging stove does not have a door, and the upper part is a semi-circular shape for the ducks to move. The process of baking in the oven is

吊炉没有门,上部为半圆形,供鸭子移动。在烤箱中烘烤的过程是

The hanging furnace method has higher fuel requirements,

吊炉法对燃料的要求较高,

After several hours of braising and roasting, the fat duck is already crispy on the outside and tender on the inside. After it is out of the oven, a chef with excellent knives needs to quickly slice the duck meat and put it on the plate. A Beijing big white duck weighs about four catties, according to the oldest rule in the roast duck business,

经过数小时的炖和烤,肥鸭的外部已经酥脆,内部变得柔软。将其从烤箱中取出后,厨师用刀将其快速切成薄片并将其放在盘子上。根据烤鸭行业最古老的规定,北京一只大白鸭重约四斤,

The most mainstream combination of roast duck is

烤鸭最主流的组合是

The sliced ​​roast duck is served on the table. Some impatient men will pick up the sliced ​​duck with chopsticks, swipe it on the sauce bowl and spread it evenly on the noodles. Put two scallions on it and roll it into a ball. Tucked into your mouth. What I eat is that the sauce leaks out instantly after being squeezed by the mouth.

切成薄片的烤鸭放在桌上。一些不耐烦的人会用筷子捡起切成薄片的鸭,在酱碗上刷一下,然后均匀地撒在面条上。在上面放上两个葱,切成团。塞进你的嘴里。我吃的是,酱汁被嘴巴挤压后会立即渗出。

The other way of eating is much more refined. After spreading the lotus leaf cake, add a touch of sweet noodle sauce, such as a thin brush nib covered with ink, calligraphy and painting on rice paper, and then use one or two slices of duck meat to cover the sauce and serve with cucumber. Strips, carrots, red and green are really good-looking.

另一种饮食方式则更为精致。摊开荷叶饼后,加入少许甜面酱,例如用墨水,书法和绘画在宣纸上涂的薄笔尖,然后用一两片鸭肉覆盖酱汁并与黄瓜一起食用。小条,胡萝卜,红色和绿色都很漂亮。

What can be seen is the rise and growth of the duck-eating culture in Beijing that originated from the Jianghuai River.

可以看到,起源于江淮河的北京鸭食文化的兴起和发展。

From the mallard ducks in the south to the big white ducks in Beijing, from Nanjing Yingtian Mansion to Beijing Shuntian Mansion, from Jinling Sliced ​​Duck to Beijing Roast Duck,

从南方的野鸭到北京的大白鸭,从南京应天大厦到北京舜天大厦,从金陵片鸭到北京烤鸭,

All are reflected on a table of roast duck.

所有这些都反映在烤鸭桌上。

*The content of this article is provided by the author and does not represent the position of the Earth Knowledge Bureau

*本文内容由作者提供,并不代表地球知识局的立场

Cover image: Figure insect creativity

封面图片:图虫的创造力

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